Category: Self Employed

Calculating the Class 4 NIC liability

The self-employed pay two classes of National Insurance contributions – Class 2 and Class 4. Class 2 contributions are weekly flat rate contributions which provide the mechanism by which the self-employed build up their entitlement to the state pension and certain contributory benefits. By contrast, Class 4 contributions are based on profits from the self-employment…


Timing dividends right could help save tax

Timing the date of a dividend payment from a company can determine both the amount and the due date of the tax payable. This may be a particularly useful strategy in a close- or family-owned company. The dividend allowance, which was originally introduced from 6 April 2016, was cut from £5,000 a year to £2,000…


Read our quick guide on whether you should pay voluntary National Insurance Contributions

Voluntary NICs – should you pay? The payment of National Insurance contributions provides the mechanism by which an individual builds up their entitlement to the state pension and certain contributory benefits. Different classes of contribution provide different benefit entitlements. Employed earners pay Class 1 contributions where their earnings exceed the lower earnings limit – set…


Using the cash basis – is it for you?

The cash basis is a simpler way of working out taxable profits compared to the traditional accruals method. The cash basis takes account only of money in and money out – income is recognised when received and expenses are recognised when paid. By contrast, the accruals basis matches income and expenditure to the period to…


Thinking of buying a doer upper as a buy-to-let? Get tax relief on the interest

Interest relief for renovation or development costs Often, when a property is purchased there is work to be done before it can be let out or sold. Where this work is financed by a mortgage or other loan, the way in which and the extent to which relief is available for the interest costs depends…


The marriage allowance explained

The marriage allowance can be beneficial to married couples and civil partners on lower incomes. Claiming the marriage allowance is worth up to £238 in 2018/19 and £250 in 2019/20. Nature of the allowance The marriage allowance allows one spouse of civil partner to transfer 10% of their personal allowance (rounded up to the nearest…


Salary Vs Dividends: how to be tax efficient for 2019/20

A popular profits extraction strategy for personal and family companies is to extract a small salary, taking further profits as dividends. Where this strategy is pursued for 2019/20, what level should be the salary be set at to ensure the strategy remain tax efficient? Salary As well as being tax effective, taking a small salary…


Is tax payable on tips?

The question of whether tips and gratuities are taxable and subject to National Insurance Contributions (NICs) often results in a lively debate. Broadly, their treatment will depend on how they are paid to the recipient. Cash tips handed to an employee, or say, left on the table at a restaurant and retained by the employee,…


Thinking of selling a rental property? Get in quick before the rules change!

In his Budget on 29 October 2018, the Chancellor outlined a number of changes to main residence relief. The changes affect the final period exemption and the availability of lettings relief, which applies where a property which has at some time been an only or main residence, is let out. Main residence exemption No capital…


Expenses that Landlords can deduct

Landlords must pay tax on any profit from their property rental business (although income from property of less than £1,000 a year can be ignored). In working out the profits, expenses are deducted from rental income. To ensure that the landlord does not pay more tax than is necessary, it is important to deduct all…